Dengue: A Viral Malady
Dengue is among one of the viral diseases which transmits mainly by the infectious bite of one of the mosquitoes of the species Aedes Aegypti (1). The disease reveals its signs and symptoms after five or six days of a mosquito bite. Its sickness ranges from mild to, harsh life-threatening illness. Its severeness leads to a flu-like illness called Dengue Hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which may lead to the death of a person. People of all age groups and almost both sexes are susceptible to this disease, whereas more frequent death occurs in children during the severeness of this disease. Its prevalence may be observed virtually everywhere across the globes, in different, towns and metropolitan cities.
Several breeding places have been observed where water easily stagnates which aid mosquitoes to multiply in number, and some of them are Jars, Coolers, Tanks, Cisterns, Bottles, Tree holes, Gutters, etc.
Since (1996-2010) a downfall has been observed in the deaths and cases of dengue. During 1996 almost 16000 graves were found, and with each successive year, it declined to a few deaths till 2002. But once again it added a little swing during (2002—2004) since (2004-2009) it fluctuated and at once touched the ground at zero up to May 2010.
Cause of Dengue Fever
Transmission of the virus from the infectious bite of Aedes mosquito is the foremost cause, and some of the underlying characteristics of this species are:-
- These mosquitoes are mainly active during the daytime.
- They have stripes throughout their body like that of a tiger.
- They cannot fly high.
- They are mostly found behind curtains, at dark and cool places, on hanging objects and under the furniture.
If a person develops dengue and this mosquito bites that person and sucks his blood, then the virus enters into the body and then if the mosquito attempts to bite a hale and hearty person then the dengue virus enters that person’s bloodstream.
The risk of its severeness increases if a person develops dengue for more than one time.
Symptoms of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
Signs of dengue range from mild to severe depending upon the stage/degree of disease a person develops. If a person develops dengue, he should check out for one or more of the following underlying symptoms such as:-
- High fever (up to 104 degree Fahrenheit) with a sudden feeling of cold.
- Inflammation, redness, and pain in eyes.
- Loss of appetite/hunger.
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Pain in joints and muscles.
- Severe diarrhea.
- Development of rashes all over the body.
- Experience level heart rate along with circulatory problems, i.e., low blood pressure.
- Dryness of mouth and feeling of thirst.
- Severe stomachache.
- The adverse condition of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever may lead to bleeding eyes, gums, and nose.
However, in a few cases, it does not reveal any of such symptoms, and it seems like a typical fever.
There is no full proof medication to cure the disease. Everyone knows’s that prevention is better than cure so we should try our level best to prevent it. Special preventive measures should be taken during the daytime, especially in the morning and afternoon period because dengue virus is most active during these parts of a day.
Some of the efficient and friendly preventive measures are:-
- Try to eradicate the grounds for mosquito’s growth- discards such places and objects where the chances of its increase are comparatively high.
- Prevent water stagnation-ensure regular drainage of collected water anywhere.
- Ensure frequent fogging with insecticides which could deter the growth of adult mosquito.
- Some health concerning and awareness programs should be delivered through television, radio, slides, etc. impart knowledge about the disease to the underprivileged.
- Ensure the use of mosquito coils, bed nets, mats, liquids and repellant creams.
- Wear the clothes having full body coverage like full wear sleeves, full pants, socks, and narrow neckline, etc.
Home Remedies to Cure Dengue Fever Naturally
Many a time ayurvedic medicinal herbs prove to be a panacea in curing several diseases instead of taking allopathic or homeopathic medicines. The best part is that these medicinal herbs do not have any adverse effect on our body. If they aren’t able to cure your illness, they also won’t harm you in any way. So if a person is diagnosed with dengue, then he should check out for the intake of one or more of such herbs to cure his illness. Some medicinal herbs and their prescription are mentioned below.
We know water is the basic necessity of our life. Sufficient intake of water will be beneficial in curing the disease. As dehydration is among one of the standard problems a person faces during dengue fever so he should ensure plenty of water intake, so the body remains hydrated. It also helps in relieving the symptoms of a headache and muscle cramps. And an essential function is sufficient intake of water will also assist in eliminating excess toxins from the body which can complicate the impact of a viral pathogen.
It has been widely observed as a natural cure for dengue. The occurrence of organic compounds and the composite mix of nutrients help in an elevation in the platelet count. Also, the richness of vitamin C in it helps in stimulating the immune system. Its anti-oxidative property aid in reducing the oxidative stress (2) and eliminating excess toxins in the blood. Crush the freshly plucked papaya leaves and strain with a cloth to drink the pure juice.
The richness of vitamin C and goodness of antioxidants makes it an ideal drink in eliminating the virus and treating its secondary symptoms. It helps in boosting the immune system by promoting antibodies and also helps in increasing urination and toxin release.
Fenugreek is among one of the most popular home remedies for curing the disease throughout the world. It is known to decrease the degree of fever and acts as a mild sedative to relieve pain and helps in promoting restful sleep to patients.
Its unparalleled ability to elevate the body’s blood platelet count makes it an essential herb in the long list of such medicinal herbs. It can be consumed in the form of tea or can be absorbed directly and can observe a drastic rise in platelet count. It is one of the most dangerous side effects of dengue which give rise to prolonged weakness, Vulnerability to dengue hemorrhagic fever and other serious complications.
It has been used since a long time to cure dengue. Chewing basil leaves has proved to be an essential immune boosting technique. Its essential oil possesses natural insecticidal properties that will help to keep mosquitoes away. Because of such unparalleled features, it can be a boon in treating and preventing the disease.
This herb has the potential to eradicate the symptoms of dengue fever rapidly and can flush out dengue virus from the body. It not only aids to relieve primary symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, and fever but also has the natural antiviral potential to correct illness in a few days.
A Final Note:- Though the dengue fever is not fatal. If the earlier symptoms are not treated correctly, then the fever will transform to a severe degree. Make possible professional consultation and treatment should be assured as soon as possible. If a person develops dengue, he should seek such home remedies as an additional supplement along with a proper dosage of medicines as prescribed by the doctor.